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Acne is an inflammatory skin condition that usually affects about 85% of individuals in their teenage years but can also occur in adulthood. It is typically noticeable on the face and torso, the areas where sebaceous glands are present.


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Factors Influencing the Development of Acne

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Some of the main factors that influence the development of acne are as follows:

  • Increased androgen levels
  • Stress
  • Smoking
  • Oily skin
  • Poor dietary habits
  • Environmental factors
  • Heredity
  • Use of oily cosmetics
  • Skin pressure
  • Hormonal changes

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More specifically...

The factors that influence the onset of acne include androgen levels, the presence of Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) in the hair follicle, the accumulation of keratinocytes, and inflammation.

Specifically, elevated levels of androgen hormones enlarge sebaceous glands and lead to the formation of comedones. Additionally, a high concentration of keratinocytes in the hair follicle results in the formation of lesions that subsequently turn into comedones.

Both the P. acnes bacterium and other lipids are responsible for causing inflammation. However, it should be noted that there are also external factors that trigger or exacerbate acne, such as stress, poor dietary habits, smoking, and heredity.

Finally, the use of inappropriate cosmetics, even facial makeup, can often cause acne.

Women are more likely to develop acne at any point in their lives due to hormonal changes.

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    The clinical presentation of acne varies from person to person and depends on their stage in life. Depending on the clinical picture and its symptoms, acne can be categorized into:

    Common Acne: This primarily appears in areas with sebaceous glands. It can be classified into inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne. The inflammatory type may involve comedones, red pimples (papules), nodules, cysts, and pustules, while the non-inflammatory type is characterized only by comedones.

    Cystic Acne: This form of acne mainly features cysts and nodules, which often leave acne scars and pigmentation in the affected area.

    Comedonal Acne: Comedonal acne is a non-inflammatory type. It is commonly recognized as blackheads and some whiteheads, which are closed comedones located deeper in the skin.

    Rosacea: This type of acne primarily affects individuals with fair skin and is characterized by redness and the appearance of vascular telangiectasia.

    Infantile Acne: The appearance of infantile acne is quite common but not a cause for concern. It can resolve on its own in the following months, or mild infant care products might be used to manage it.

    This is perhaps the most common question a dermatologist receives.

    Acne treatment should be initiated early, not only to prevent scarring but also to avoid the insecurity and psychological distress that many individuals experience because of it. This is achieved through:

    • Topical Treatment: For mild acne, the dermatologist recommends creams that are applied locally or across the entire face.
    • Oral Medication: In more advanced stages of acne, such as cystic acne, antibiotic therapy or isotretinoin is recommended.
    • Laser Therapy for acne: With the latest-generation Nordly’s by Ellipse Laser, sebaceous glands are reduced in just a few sessions. This treatment is suggested both for active acne and for the scars that may remain after other acne treatments. It is painless, and the patient can return to their daily activities immediately.
    • Diamond Dermabrasion: This is recommended for cases of mild acne as it regulates facial oiliness and seborrhea. It is painless and requires no recovery time.
    • Peeling: Even chemical peeling can be applied, which removes dead skin cells, reduces comedones, and cleanses the pores of sebum.

    Quite the opposite. Acne can be found not only on the face but also in other areas with sebaceous glands, such as the back and chest.

    Dietary habits definitely play a role in the development of acne, but there are many factors that contribute to it. However, various studies have implicated chocolate, fried foods in any form, and, in some cases, even dairy products as potential aggravators of acne.

    Unfortunately, acne can occur even at this age, especially in women, without a specific cause and without any previous history of acne during adolescence.

    During treatment, there is supervision from a dermatologist, and preventive tests are conducted every month to avoid any side effects. Under these conditions, it is a completely safe treatment.

    The Nordly’s by Ellipse Laser, available at Derma Hair Clinic, delivers excellent results in combating acne and reducing the red marks that can remain afterward.

    Certain types of acne can leave scars on the skin, which can be treated using Laser therapy. Additionally, scars can be reduced with chemical peeling, dermabrasion, or hyaluronic acid fillers. Depending on the severity of the problem, the dermatologist will recommend the most appropriate method.

    The number of Laser sessions for acne and acne scars depends on the extent of the problem.

    To avoid the onset of acne, it’s necessary to

    • Cleanse the face thoroughly with a gentle cleanser recommended by your doctor. This removes excess oil and prevents acne from spreading to other areas of the face.
    • Protect the skin from sun exposure.
    • Avoid using oily cosmetics or products that irritate the skin.
    • Refrain from picking or squeezing the skin.

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