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Minoxidil for Hair Loss


Hair thinning is a concern for many people.

The primary factors contributing to its occurrence include age, stress, diet, and genetics. Androgenetic alopecia is the most common cause of hair loss in both men and women.

Therapy with minoxidil can offer a significant solution to the problem, always under the guidance of a specialized dermatologist.

How does minoxidil strengthen hair?

There are many ways for hair loss treatment, categorized into conservative treatment and surgical management. Conservative treatment involves the use of medication.

Minoxidil has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of hair loss. It results in an extended hair growth phase, strengthens hair follicles, and reduces hair loss.

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    How is minoxidil applied?

    Minoxidil is applied topically to areas of thinning. It is the most widely used medical treatment worldwide and is a top choice among Greeks. It can come in the form of a lotion or be administered through injections.

    Injections are done through mesotherapy, resulting in increased blood flow and oxygenation in the affected area, which enhances follicle nourishment and promotes tissue regeneration. The new hairs have more volume, strength, and density.

    Topical minoxidil is available in 2% and 5% concentrations. The 5% minoxidil takes longer to dry compared to the 2%. There are also concentrations ranging from 7% to 10%, but the most commonly used are the 2% and 5% concentrations.

    What should you know?

    • Minoxidil is applied topically twice a day.
    • An initial improvement is observed within the first six months. However, this is not enough to resolve the problem completely.
    • In the first few months of treatment, there is typically an increase in hair shedding.
    • Apply the medication to the affected area—on the hair, not directly on the scalp.
    • Rub the medication into the area with a gentle massage.
    • The absorption of minoxidil requires at least four hours. During this time, avoid washing your hair or swimming.
    • The medication should be applied to dry skin.
    • The medication should be applied daily for several years.
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    Does minoxidil treatment have side effects?

    Applying the medication is easy and it can be used in combination with other hair styling products.

    Over time, the effectiveness of minoxidil gradually decreases, so after more than two years, it might not offer noticeable results. If the treatment is stopped, the scalp will revert to its original condition.

    Minoxidil does not get absorbed systemically and does not affect blood pressure, as some might think. It is a medication that can be used for many years without causing any major issues.

    The most common side effect of minoxidil is irritation of the scalp, a condition known as allergic contact dermatitis. This is often accompanied by intense redness, itching, and local dryness. Symptoms usually subside when the dosage is reduced or the treatment is stopped, if necessary.

    Minoxidil can also be used in combination with a solution of cortisone or finasteride to enhance its effects and reduce the chances of allergy.”


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